Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue 2, Pages 58 - 77 2019-06-28

Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği
Treatments of Micro Pollutants in Wastewater Treatment Plants

Şeyma Akkurt [1] , Merve OĞUZ [2]


Sanayileşme ve hızlı nüfus artışıyla birlikte; kimyasalların hayatımızın her alanında kullanımı giderek artmaktadır. Bunun sonucu olarak, su ortamlarında ve doğada mikro kirletici konsantrasyonlarında bir artış görülmektedir. Mikro kirleticiler; farmasötikler, kişisel bakım ürünleri (PPCP), steroid hormonlar, endüstriyel kimyasallar, pestisitler, poliaromatik hidrokarbonlar ve son zamanlarda görülen diğer bileşiklerden oluşmaktadır. Su ortamlarında bu kirleticiler genellikle birkaç ng /L ile μg/ L arasında değişen çok düşük konsantrasyonlarda bulunmaktadır. Mikro kirleticilerin birçoğu kararlı yapıda olup biyolojik arıtmaya karşı dirençlidir. Bu nedenle klasik atıksu arıtma tesislerinde arıtılamayıp sürekli olarak alıcı ortamlara deşarj edilmektedirler.

Mikro kirleticilerin giderimin de klasik yöntemlerin yetersiz olduğu göz önünde bulundurulduğunda daha iyi giderim verimleri için koagülasyon – flokülasyon, aktif karbon adsorpsiyonu (toz aktif karbon ve granül aktif karbon), ileri oksidasyon prosesleri (İOP), membran prosesleri ve membran biyoreaktörü içeren diğer alternatif arıtma yöntemleri uygulanabilir. Yapılan bu derlemede, mikro kirleticilerin su ortamlarındaki varlığına, çeşitli arıtma yöntemlerine ve arıtma verimlerine yer verilmiştir. Bu şekilde mikro kirleticinin türüne göre uygun arıtım alternatifleri sunulmuştur.

With industrialization and rapid population growth, the use of chemicals in every aspect of our lives is increasing. As a result, there is an increase in micro-pollutant concentrations in water environments and nature. Micro pollutants consist of pharmaceutical, personal care products (PPCP), steroid hormones, industrial chemicals, pesticides, polyaromatic hydrocarbons and other recently seen compounds. In water environments, these pollutants are usually in very low concentrations ranging from a few ng /l to μg/ l. Many micro pollutants are stable and resistant to biological treatment. For this reason, they cannot be treated in conventional wastewater treatment plants and are continuously discharged to receiving environments.

Considering that the conventional methods are insufficient for removing the micropollutants other alternative treatment methods including coagulation–flocculation, activated carbon adsorption (powdered activated carbon and granular activated carbon), advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), membrane processes and membrane bioreactor can be applied for better removal. Studies on this subject and the results obtained are presented.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Environmental Engineering
Journal Section Environmental Engineering
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0135-1975
Author: Şeyma Akkurt (Primary Author)
Institution: ADIYAMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8388-1477
Author: Merve OĞUZ
Institution: ERCİYES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : August 8, 2018
Acceptance Date : June 13, 2019
Publication Date : June 28, 2019

Bibtex @review { ksujes451940, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1309-1751}, address = {}, publisher = {Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University}, year = {2019}, volume = {22}, pages = {58 - 77}, doi = {10.17780/ksujes.451940}, title = {Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği}, key = {cite}, author = {Akkurt, Şeyma and OĞUZ, Merve} }
APA Akkurt, Ş , OĞUZ, M . (2019). Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 22 (2) , 58-77 . DOI: 10.17780/ksujes.451940
MLA Akkurt, Ş , OĞUZ, M . "Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 22 (2019 ): 58-77 <http://jes.ksu.edu.tr/en/issue/46534/451940>
Chicago Akkurt, Ş , OĞUZ, M . "Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 22 (2019 ): 58-77
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği AU - Şeyma Akkurt , Merve OĞUZ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17780/ksujes.451940 DO - 10.17780/ksujes.451940 T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 58 EP - 77 VL - 22 IS - 2 SN - -1309-1751 M3 - doi: 10.17780/ksujes.451940 UR - https://doi.org/10.17780/ksujes.451940 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği %A Şeyma Akkurt , Merve OĞUZ %T Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği %D 2019 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi %P -1309-1751 %V 22 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17780/ksujes.451940 %U 10.17780/ksujes.451940
ISNAD Akkurt, Şeyma , OĞUZ, Merve . "Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 22 / 2 (June 2019): 58-77 . https://doi.org/10.17780/ksujes.451940
AMA Akkurt Ş , OĞUZ M . Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği. KSU J. Eng. Sci.. 2019; 22(2): 58-77.
Vancouver Akkurt Ş , OĞUZ M . Atıksu Arıtma Tesislerinde Mikro Kirleticilerin Arıtılabilirliği. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 22(2): 77-58.