Year 2019, Volume 22 , Issue , Pages 109 - 117 2019-11-29

CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE
PORTAKAL İŞLEME ATIKLARININ BÜYÜKBAŞ HAYVAN GÜBRESİ İLE KO-FERMANTASYONU

Ali Aybek [1] , Levent Gürsel Albayram [2] , Serdar Üçok [3]


In this study, effect of cattle manure when it’s added into the different percentage of processed orange wastes (25%, 50%, 75%) been analyzed by HBT. Cattle manure collected from the farms and processed orange waste collected from the fruit base juice companies then dried and ground in the standard laboratory conditions and produced 5 materials (100% processed orange waste, 100% cattle manure; 25% processed orange waste+ 75% cattle manure; 50% processed orange waste+50% cattle manure; 75% processed orange waste+ 25% cattle manure) As a result of this study, the highest percentage of raw protein (12.06%) and percentage of raw fat( or raw oil) (2.30%) produced from 100% processed orange waste, dry material percentage (90.75%) from 100% cattle manure, organic dry material percentage (95.56%) from 100% processed orange waste, ADF percentage (60.20%) 100% cattle manure and NDF percentage (26.20%) 25% processed orange waste+75% cattle manure. Within 5 materials, the highest amount of methane was produced 25 to 35 days. The highest amount of biogas (0.70 Nm3/kg ODM) and methane (0.37 Nm3/kg ODM) produced with 75% processed orange waste+ 25% cattle manure. The highest amount of methane (53.77%) in biogas produced with 50% processed orange waste+50% cattle manure.  Based on this study, fermentation of processed orange waste with cattle manure statistically increased the production of methane and biogas in higher amount (P≤0.05).

Bu çalışmada, büyükbaş hayvan gübresine portakal işleme atıklarının (kabuk ve posa) farklı oranlarda (%25, %50, %75) eklenmesinin biyogaz verimine etkisi, HBT (Hohenheim Batch Yield Test) yöntemi ile belirlenmiştir. Bu kapsamda, büyükbaş hayvan gübresi çiftlikten, portakal işleme atıkları ise meyve suyu işleme tesislerinden alınarak laboratuar ortamında kurutulup öğütülmüş ve beş materyal (%100 portakal işleme atıkları, %100 büyükbaş hayvan gübresi, %25 portakal işleme atıkları  + %75 büyükbaş hayvan gübresi, %50 portakal işleme atıkları  + %50 büyükbaş hayvan gübresi, %75 portakal işleme atıkları  + %25 büyükbaş hayvan gübresi) meydana getirilmiştir. Yapılan araştırma sonucunda en yüksek, ham protein oranı (%12.06) ve ham yağ oranı (%2.30) %100 portakal işleme atıkları materyalinden, kuru madde oranı (%90.75) %100 büyükbaş hayvan gübresi materyalinden, organik kuru madde oranı (%95.56) %100 portakal işleme atıkları materyalinden, ADF oranı (%60.20) %100 büyükbaş hayvan gübresi materyalinden ve NDF oranı (%26.50) %25 portakal işleme atıkları + %75 büyükbaş hayvan gübresi materyalinden elde edilmiştir. Ele alınan materyallerde en yüksek metan üretimi 25 ile 35 günler arasında gerçekleşmiştir. Karışım materyallerinde en yüksek biyogaz (0.70 Nm3/kg OKM) ve metan (0.37 Nm3/kg OKM) üretim değerleri, %75 portakal işleme atıkları  + %25 büyükbaş hayvan gübresi materyalinden oluşmuştur. Biyogazdaki metan oranı, en yüksek (%53.77) %50 portakal işleme atıkları  + %50 büyükbaş hayvan gübresi materyalinden elde edilmiştir. Çalışmada portakal işleme atıklarının büyükbaş hayvan gübresi ile ko-fermantasyonu, metan ve biyogaz üretimini istatiksel olarak önemli düzeyde (P≤0.05) arttırmıştır. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering, Mechanical
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3036-8204
Author: Ali Aybek (Primary Author)
Institution: Kahramanmaras Sütcü Imam University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6152-8138
Author: Levent Gürsel Albayram

Orcid: 0000-0002-7158-669X
Author: Serdar Üçok

Dates

Application Date : August 1, 2019
Acceptance Date : October 10, 2019
Publication Date : November 29, 2019

Bibtex @research article { ksujes599960, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1309-1751}, address = {}, publisher = {Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University}, year = {2019}, volume = {22}, pages = {109 - 117}, doi = {}, title = {CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE}, key = {cite}, author = {Aybek, Ali and Albayram, Levent Gürsel and Üçok, Serdar} }
APA Aybek, A , Albayram, L , Üçok, S . (2019). CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 22 () , 109-117 . Retrieved from http://jes.ksu.edu.tr/en/issue/50210/599960
MLA Aybek, A , Albayram, L , Üçok, S . "CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 22 (2019 ): 109-117 <http://jes.ksu.edu.tr/en/issue/50210/599960>
Chicago Aybek, A , Albayram, L , Üçok, S . "CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 22 (2019 ): 109-117
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE AU - Ali Aybek , Levent Gürsel Albayram , Serdar Üçok Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 109 EP - 117 VL - 22 IS - SN - -1309-1751 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE %A Ali Aybek , Levent Gürsel Albayram , Serdar Üçok %T CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE %D 2019 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi %P -1309-1751 %V 22 %N %R %U
ISNAD Aybek, Ali , Albayram, Levent Gürsel , Üçok, Serdar . "CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 22 / (November 2019): 109-117 .
AMA Aybek A , Albayram L , Üçok S . CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE. KSU J. Eng. Sci.. 2019; 22: 109-117.
Vancouver Aybek A , Albayram L , Üçok S . CO-FERMENTATION OF PROCESSED ORANGE WASTES WITH CATTLE MANURE. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019; 22: 117-109.