Year 2020, Volume 23 , Issue 2, Pages 94 - 106 2020-06-03

A RESEARCH ON THE EFFECTS OF PESTICIDES AND WOOD VINEGAR ON WEEDS AND CULTIVATED PLANTS IN WHEAT AGRO-ECOSYSTEM
PESTİSİTLER VE ODUN SİRKESİNİN BUĞDAY AGRO-EKOSİSTEMİNDEKİ YABANCI OT VE KÜLTÜR BİTKİSİNE ETKİLERİ ÜZERİNE BİR ARAŞTIRMA

İbrahim KOÇ [1] , Şenol YILDIZ [2] , Erdal Necip YARDIM [3]


This study was carried out to determine the effects of pesticides and wood vinegar that are used for the plant protection in wheat agro-ecosystems on weeds and cultivated plants in 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 production seasons in Muş Province ecological conditions. The field experiment was done in wheat field according to randomized block design with four repetition. Treatments in the experiment was based on the pesticides used by BERCE Alparslan agricultural enterprise and treatment schedule of the company. These treatments were: 1) Pesticide treatment (fungicide, herbicide), 2) 0.5% - 1% - 2% - 3% - 4% and 5% ml wood vinegar treatments that correspond to pesticide treatment, 3) Control treatment with tap water. It was observed that when compared to control group, pesticide treatment decreased weeds the number of, variety and the dry weight (P=0.002), however, it significantly increased values such as grain size, number of seed per spica, grain yield per spica and harvest index (%) of cultivated plants (P≤0.05). On the other hand, use of 1% ml wood vinegar had a significant effect on higher yield index (P≤0.05).
Bu çalışma, buğday agro-ekosisteminde bitki koruma amaçlı kullanılan pestisitlerin ve odun sirkesinin, yabancı ot ve kültür bitkisine etkilerini belirlemek amacıyla 2014-2015 ve 2015-2016 üretim sezonlarında Muş ili ekolojik şartlarında yapılmıştır. Tarla denemesi, tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre ve dört tekerrürlü olarak yürütülmüştür. Denemede yapılan muameleler, BERCE Alparslan tarım işletmesinin kullandığı pestisitler ve uygulama takvimi takip edilerek yapılmıştır. Yapılan muameleler; 1) pestisit muamelesi (fungisit, herbisit), 2) pestisit uygulamasına tekabül eden %0.5 - %1 - %2 - %3 - %4 ve %5 ml odun sirkesi muameleleri ve 3) sadece şebeke suyu verilen kontrol muamelesi şeklinde yapılmıştır. Yapılan istatistiksel analizler sonucunda; kontrol grubuna göre pestisit muamelesinin yabancı ot sayısı, çeşitliliği ve kuru ağırlığını azalttığı (P=0.002), kültür bitkisinin; başakta tane sayısı, başakta tane verimi ve hasat indeksi gibi değerleri önemli düzeylerde artırdığı görülmüştür (P≤0.05). Buna karşın %1 ml odun sirkesinin hasat indeksinin daha yüksek olmasında önemli bir etkiye sahip olduğu görülmüştür (P≤0.05).
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Environmental Engineering
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0803-6801
Author: İbrahim KOÇ (Primary Author)
Institution: BİTLİS EREN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7072-0087
Author: Şenol YILDIZ
Institution: ABANT İZZET BAYSAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0860-9887
Author: Erdal Necip YARDIM
Institution: BİTLİS EREN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution ...
Project Number ...
Thanks The authors would like to thank Prof. Dr. Mehmet MENDEŞ, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fatih ÇIĞ, and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Süleyman Mesut PINAR for the help, and BERCE Alparslan Agricultural Administration for providing place/opportunity for this study. This study constitutes a part of a PhD thesis (A Research on Determination of Some Effects of Wood Vinegar and Pesticides on Wheat Agro-ecosystems). Further, this study has been presented in IGAP2018-1ST International GAP Agriculture and Livestock Congress 2018 (25-27 April, 2018/Şanlıurfa, Turkey) and EJONS International Congress on Mathematic, Engineering and Natural Sciences - III (21-22 April, 2018/Mardin, Turkey) as an oral presentation.
Dates

Application Date : April 2, 2020
Acceptance Date : May 7, 2020
Publication Date : June 3, 2020

APA Koç, İ , Yıldız, Ş , Yardım, E . (2020). A RESEARCH ON THE EFFECTS OF PESTICIDES AND WOOD VINEGAR ON WEEDS AND CULTIVATED PLANTS IN WHEAT AGRO-ECOSYSTEM . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 23 (2) , 94-106 . DOI: 10.17780/ksujes.713709