Yıl 2017, Cilt 20, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 9 - 15 2017-08-25

Effects of Processing Methods, DOP Amount and Filler Content on the Mechanical Properties of Recycled Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Composites

İbrahim Halil BAŞBOĞA [1] , Kadir KARAKUŞ [2] , İlkay ATAR [3] , Fatma BOZKURT [4] , Fatih MENGELOĞLU [5]

110 309

PVC is one of the most commercialized thermoplastic materials with industrial and household applications. Plastic possesses an important percentage in waste stream and its recycling is vital. Plasticizer usage is also essential for the PVC manufacturing and recycling. It is the purpose of this study to determine the effects of processing methods, DOP concentration and wood flour amount on the mechanical properties of recycled PVC composites. 15 and 30 phr (per-hundred-resin) DOP and 0-15-30 phr wood flour was studied. Composite materials were produced using injection and compression molding methods. Tensile, flexural, impact, hardness (shore D) and density of the composites were determined. Based on these results, DOP and filler content and process had a significant effect on mechanical properties. Utilization of DOP in the PVC matrix made material softer and flexible. Resulting materials had higher elongation at break and impact strength and smaller shore D values. In an expense to these good results, it reduced the tensile and flexural strength and modulus values.  Addition of wood filler in the system, increased modulus values while reducing strength values. In the case of processing methods, injection molded samples provided overall better properties than compression molded ones. It should be noted that, in the case of injection molding, samples were better mixed due to the screw in the machine. Recycling of PVC is a vital subject and more study is needed. 

Recycled PVC, Wood Flour, Injection Molding, Compression Molding
  • Alp, S., 2003. İstanbul Ticaret Odası Plastik Sektör Raporu
  • ASTM (2000). “D 256: Standard Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials” Philadelphia
  • ASTM (2001). “D 638: Standard Test Methods for Tensile Properties of Plastics” Philadelphia
  • ASTM (2001). “D 6662: Standard Specification for Polyolefin-Based Plastic Lumber” Philadelphia
  • ASTM (2003). “D 790: Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and reinforced Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials” Philadelphia
  • Belmares, M., (2004) “Hildebrand and Hansen Solubility Parameters from Molecular Dynamics with Applications to Electronic Nose Polymer Sensors”, Journal of Computing Chemistry, 25 1814–1826.
  • Kıralp, S., Özkoç G., Erdoğan, S., Çamurlu, P., Doğan, M., Baydemir, T., 2007. Modern Çağın Malzemesi Plastikler, ODTÜ Bilim ve Toplum Kitapları Dizisi ODTÜ Yayıncılık
  • X Colom, J Can˜avate, F Carrillo and MJ Lis., (2014) ʺ Acoustic and mechanical properties of recycled polyvinyl chloride/ground tyre rubber compositesʺ, Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 48(9) 1061–1069
  • Mengeloglu, F., Karakus, K., (2008) ʺ Polymer-Composites from Recycled High Density Polyethylene and Waste Lignocellulosic Materialsʺ, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, Vol.17-No 2.
  • Fukushima, m., Wu, B., Ibe,H., Wakai, K., Sugiyama, E., Abe, H., Kitagawa, K., Tsuruga, S., Shimura, K., Ono, E., (2010) ʺ Study on dechlorination technology for municipal waste plastics containing polyvinyl chloride and polyethylene terephthalateʺ, J Mater Cycles Waste Manag, 12:108–122
Konular Mühendislik ve Temel Bilimler, Çevre Mühendisliği
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: İbrahim Halil BAŞBOĞA
Kurum: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Kadir KARAKUŞ
Kurum: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: İlkay ATAR
Kurum: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Fatma BOZKURT
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Fatih MENGELOĞLU
Kurum: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ksujes303263, journal = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1309-1751}, address = {Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {20}, pages = {9 - 15}, doi = {10.17780/ksujes.303263}, title = {Effects of Processing Methods, DOP Amount and Filler Content on the Mechanical Properties of Recycled Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Composites}, key = {cite}, author = {ATAR, İlkay and BAŞBOĞA, İbrahim Halil and KARAKUŞ, Kadir and BOZKURT, Fatma and MENGELOĞLU, Fatih} }
APA BAŞBOĞA, İ , KARAKUŞ, K , ATAR, İ , BOZKURT, F , MENGELOĞLU, F . (2017). Effects of Processing Methods, DOP Amount and Filler Content on the Mechanical Properties of Recycled Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Composites. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 20 (2), 9-15. DOI: 10.17780/ksujes.303263
MLA BAŞBOĞA, İ , KARAKUŞ, K , ATAR, İ , BOZKURT, F , MENGELOĞLU, F . "Effects of Processing Methods, DOP Amount and Filler Content on the Mechanical Properties of Recycled Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Composites". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 20 (2017): 9-15 <http://jes.ksu.edu.tr/issue/30940/303263>
Chicago BAŞBOĞA, İ , KARAKUŞ, K , ATAR, İ , BOZKURT, F , MENGELOĞLU, F . "Effects of Processing Methods, DOP Amount and Filler Content on the Mechanical Properties of Recycled Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Composites". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 20 (2017): 9-15
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Processing Methods, DOP Amount and Filler Content on the Mechanical Properties of Recycled Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Composites AU - İbrahim Halil BAŞBOĞA , Kadir KARAKUŞ , İlkay ATAR , Fatma BOZKURT , Fatih MENGELOĞLU Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.17780/ksujes.303263 DO - 10.17780/ksujes.303263 T2 - Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 9 EP - 15 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - -1309-1751 M3 - doi: 10.17780/ksujes.303263 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17780/ksujes.303263 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi Effects of Processing Methods, DOP Amount and Filler Content on the Mechanical Properties of Recycled Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Composites %A İbrahim Halil BAŞBOĞA , Kadir KARAKUŞ , İlkay ATAR , Fatma BOZKURT , Fatih MENGELOĞLU %T Effects of Processing Methods, DOP Amount and Filler Content on the Mechanical Properties of Recycled Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Composites %D 2017 %J Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi %P -1309-1751 %V 20 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17780/ksujes.303263 %U 10.17780/ksujes.303263
ISNAD BAŞBOĞA, İbrahim Halil , KARAKUŞ, Kadir , ATAR, İlkay , BOZKURT, Fatma , MENGELOĞLU, Fatih . "Effects of Processing Methods, DOP Amount and Filler Content on the Mechanical Properties of Recycled Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Composites". Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 20 / 2 (Ağustos 2017): 9-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.17780/ksujes.303263