Research Article
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

AMONYUM SIYIRMA KULESİ DİZAYNI VE ÇÖP SIZINTI SULARINDAN AMONYUM GİDERİMİ OPTİMİZASYONU

Year 2020, Volume 23, Issue 4, 188 - 196, 03.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.17780/ksujes.750420

Abstract

Düzenli depolama sahalarındaki sızıntı suları, yüksek kirliliğe sahip karmaşık atık sulardır ve biyolojik olarak parçalanabilirlikleri de zordur. Yüksek konsantrasyonlarda kirletici madde içeren deponi sahası sızıntı suyuna ön arıtma yapılmalıdır. Bu nedenle, amonyum sıyırma işlemi, özellikle sızıntı suyunun amonyum giderimi için etkili bir yöntemdir. Amonyum sıyırma işlemi ile amonyum ve organik maddelerin giderimi artar. Bu çalışmada, amonyum sıyırma işleminin ham sızıntı sularından amonyum (NH4+) ve kimyasal oksijen ihtiyacı (KOI) giderilmesinin uygulanabilirliği araştırıldı. Amonyum sıyırma kulesi adı verilen yeni bir sistem tasarlanmıştır. Bu çalışma sırasında amonyum sıyırma işlemi, sıcaklık (30-40-60oC), havalandırma oranı (HH, HL, LL m3air / dak) ve hidrolik bekletme süreleri (6-12-24-48 saat) olarak gerçekleştirildi. Sistem performansı amonyum ve KOI parametreleri ile değerlendirildi. Amonyum sıyırma işleminin optimum koşulları 60°C sıcaklık, HH (1m3hava/ dakika) havalandırma hızı ve (48 saat) hidrolik bekletme süresi belirlenmiştir. Karşılık gelen amonyum ve KOIgiderim verimleri sırasıyla yaklaşık% 88 ve % 79’dur. Bu çalışmanın sonuçları, bir amonyum sıyırma işleminin kullanılmasının, ham depolama sahası sızıntı sularından amonyum ve KOI konsantrasyonunu gidermek için etkili bir yöntem olduğunu göstermektedir.

References

  • Calace, N., Liberatori , A., Petronio, B., & Pietroletti, M. (2001). Characteristics of different molecular weight fractions of organic matter in landfill leachate and their role in soil sorption of heavy metals. Environ Pollut, 113:331–339.
  • Cheung, K. C., Chu, L. M., & Wong, M. H. (1997). Ammonia stripping as a pre-treatment for landfill leachate. Water Air Soil Pollut., 94:209–221.
  • Collivignarelli , C., Bertanza , G., Baldi , M., & Avezzu , F. (1998). Ammonia stripping from MSW landfill leachate in bubble reactors: process modeling and optimization. Waste Manage Res, 16:455–466.
  • Göçer , S., Kozak, M., Duyar, A., Akgül, V., Zaimoğlu, Z., & Cırık, K. (2018). Synthesis Of Nanoscale Zero-Valent Iron (Nzvi). International Symposium on Advanced Engineering Technologies, 1526, 837-842.
  • Hanira , N., Hasfalina , C., Rashid , M., Luqman , C., & Abdullah, A. (2017). Effect of dilution and operating parameters on ammonia removal from scheduled waste landfill leachate in a lab-scale ammonia stripping reactor. Materials Science and Engineering.
  • Hossini, H., Rezaee, A., Ayati , B., & Mahvi, A. H. (2016). Health Scope 5 (1) e26479 doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-26479.
  • Ledakowiwicz, S., & Kaczorek, K. (2001). Biodegradation of leachate from municipal landfill in Lodz enhanced by advanced oxidation processes. 8th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium Proceedings, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy.
  • Marttinen , S., Kettunen , R., Sormunen , K., & Soimasuo , R. (2002). Screening of physical–chemical methods for removal of organic material, nitrogen and toxicity from low strength landfill leachates. Chemosphere, 46:851–858.
  • N M L , H. (2017). Effect of dilution and operating parameters on ammonia removal from scheduled waste landfill leachate in a lab-scale ammonia stripping reactor. Materials Science and Engineering 206 012076. Renou , S., Poulain , S., Givaudan , J. G., & Moulin , P. (2009). Amelioration of ultrafiltration process by lime treatment: case of landfill leachate. Desalination, 249:72–82.

DESIGN OF AMMONIUM STRIPPING TOWER AND OPTIMIZATION OF AMMONIUM REMOVAL FROM LANDFİLL LEACHATE

Year 2020, Volume 23, Issue 4, 188 - 196, 03.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.17780/ksujes.750420

Abstract

Landfill leachates are complex wastewater which has high pollution and their biological degradability is also difficult. Landfill leachate with high concentrations of contaminants must be pretreated. For this reason, the ammonium stripping process is an effective method for ammonium removal, especially for landfill leachate. With the ammonium stripping process, the ammonium and organic matter removal increases. This study aimed to investigate the applicability of the ammonium stripping process as remove ammonium (NH4+) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) from raw leachate. A new system has been designed which is called ammonium stripping tower. During this study, the ammonium stripping process was operated temperature (30-40-60oC), aeration rate (HH, HL, LL m3air/min), and hydraulic retention times (6-12-24-48 h). System performance was evaluated by ammonium, and COD parameters. The optimum conditions of the ammonium stripping process were determined at 600C temperature, HH(1m3air/min aeration rate), and hydraulic retention time (48h). The corresponding ammonium and COD removal efficiencies were about 88% and 79% respectively. The results of this study suggest that the use of an ammonium stripping process is an effective way to remove ammonium and COD concentration from raw landfill leachate.

References

  • Calace, N., Liberatori , A., Petronio, B., & Pietroletti, M. (2001). Characteristics of different molecular weight fractions of organic matter in landfill leachate and their role in soil sorption of heavy metals. Environ Pollut, 113:331–339.
  • Cheung, K. C., Chu, L. M., & Wong, M. H. (1997). Ammonia stripping as a pre-treatment for landfill leachate. Water Air Soil Pollut., 94:209–221.
  • Collivignarelli , C., Bertanza , G., Baldi , M., & Avezzu , F. (1998). Ammonia stripping from MSW landfill leachate in bubble reactors: process modeling and optimization. Waste Manage Res, 16:455–466.
  • Göçer , S., Kozak, M., Duyar, A., Akgül, V., Zaimoğlu, Z., & Cırık, K. (2018). Synthesis Of Nanoscale Zero-Valent Iron (Nzvi). International Symposium on Advanced Engineering Technologies, 1526, 837-842.
  • Hanira , N., Hasfalina , C., Rashid , M., Luqman , C., & Abdullah, A. (2017). Effect of dilution and operating parameters on ammonia removal from scheduled waste landfill leachate in a lab-scale ammonia stripping reactor. Materials Science and Engineering.
  • Hossini, H., Rezaee, A., Ayati , B., & Mahvi, A. H. (2016). Health Scope 5 (1) e26479 doi: 10.17795/jhealthscope-26479.
  • Ledakowiwicz, S., & Kaczorek, K. (2001). Biodegradation of leachate from municipal landfill in Lodz enhanced by advanced oxidation processes. 8th International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium Proceedings, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy.
  • Marttinen , S., Kettunen , R., Sormunen , K., & Soimasuo , R. (2002). Screening of physical–chemical methods for removal of organic material, nitrogen and toxicity from low strength landfill leachates. Chemosphere, 46:851–858.
  • N M L , H. (2017). Effect of dilution and operating parameters on ammonia removal from scheduled waste landfill leachate in a lab-scale ammonia stripping reactor. Materials Science and Engineering 206 012076. Renou , S., Poulain , S., Givaudan , J. G., & Moulin , P. (2009). Amelioration of ultrafiltration process by lime treatment: case of landfill leachate. Desalination, 249:72–82.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Environmental Engineering
Journal Section Environmental Engineering
Authors

Melike OZTEKIN This is me
KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ ÇEVRE MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-9631-970X
Türkiye


Vildan AKGUL This is me
KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ BİYOMÜHENDİSLİK VE BİLİMLERİ
0000-0001-5507-2886
Türkiye


Ahmet DUYAR This is me
SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ ÇEVRE MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-8850-8308
Türkiye


Serdar GOCER This is me
ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ ÇEVRE MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-0443-8045
Türkiye


Kevser CIRIK (Primary Author)
KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ ÇEVRE MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-1756-553X
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Kahramanmaş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi
Project Number 2018/1-16YLS
Thanks Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi, Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Birimi
Publication Date December 3, 2020
Application Date June 11, 2020
Acceptance Date September 15, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 23, Issue 4

Cite

APA Oztekın, M. , Akgul, V. , Duyar, A. , Gocer, S. & Cırık, K. (2020). DESIGN OF AMMONIUM STRIPPING TOWER AND OPTIMIZATION OF AMMONIUM REMOVAL FROM LANDFİLL LEACHATE . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 23 (4) , 188-196 . DOI: 10.17780/ksujes.750420