Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2021, Cilt 24, Sayı 1, 15 - 23, 03.03.2021
https://doi.org/10.17780/ksujes.795348

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Adhikary, K. B., Pang, S., Staiger M. P. (2008). Long-term moisture absorption and thickness swelling behaviour of recycled thermoplastics reinforced with Pinus radiata sawdust, Chemical Engineering Journal, 142 (2), 190-198.
  • Alam, S., Habib, F., Irfan, M., , Iqbal, W., Khalid, K. (2010). Effect of orientation of glass fiber on mechanical properties of GRP composites. Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan, 32: 265–269.
  • Arkaz, H. H. (2016). Superhydrophobic coatings with ımproved mechanical robustness based on polymer brushes, Surface and Coatings Technology,162-168.
  • ASTM D 1037, 1998. Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties if Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Materials. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.
  • ASTM D 256, 2005b. Standard Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.
  • ASTM D 6109, 2005a. Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastic Lumber and Related Products American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.
  • ASTM D 792, 2007. Standard Test Method for Density and Specifi c Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.
  • Atagür, M., Sarikanat, M., Uysalman, T., Polat, O., Elbeyli, İ. Y., Seki, Y., & Sever, K. (2018). Mechanical, thermal, and viscoelastic investigations on expanded perlite–filled high-density polyethylene composite. Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, 50(8), 747–761.
  • Azeez, A.T. (2017). A Review of Wood Plastic Composites effect on the Environment Journal of Babylon University, Engineering Sciences, 25 (2) pp. 360-367.
  • Baral, D., De, P., & Nando, G. B. (1999). Thermal characterization of mica-filled thermoplastic polyurethane composites. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 65(1), 47–51.
  • Demjén, Z., Pukánszky, B., & Nagy, J. (1998). Evaluation of interfacial interaction in polypropylene/surface treated CaCO3 composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 29(3), 323–329.
  • Erden, S., Sever, K., Seki, Y., and Sarikanat M. (2010). Enhancement of the mechanical properties of glass/polyester composites via matrix modification glass/polyester composite siloxane matrix modification. Fibers and Polymers 11: 732–737.
  • Gan, D., Cao, W., Song, C., & Wang, Z. (2001a). Mechanical properties and morphologies of poly(ether ketone ketone)/glass fibers/mica ternary composites. Materials Letters, 51(2), 120–124.
  • Gan, D., Lu, S., Song, C., & Wang, Z. (2001b). Mechanical properties and frictional behavior of a mica-filled poly(aryl ether ketone) composite. European Polymer Journal, 37(7), 1359–1365.
  • Gan, D., Lu, S., Song, C., & Wang, Z. (2001c). Physical properties of poly(ether ketone ketone)/mica composites: effect of filler content. Materials Letters, 48(5), 299–302.
  • Ghasemi, I., Kord B. (2009). Long-term water absorption behaviour of polypropylene/wood flour/organoclay hybrid nanocomposite, Iranian Polymer Journal, 18 (9), 683-691.
  • Güler, C. (2001). Pamuk Saplarından Yonga Levha Üretimi Olanaklarının Araştırılması. Karaelmas Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora tezi, 150s, Bartın.
  • Huang, R., Kim, B.-J., Lee, S., Zhang, Y., & Wu, Q. (2013). Co-extruded wood-plastic composites with talc-filled shells: morphology, mechanical, and thermal expansion performance. BioResources, 8(2).
  • ISO 4287, 1997. Geometrical Product Specifications Surface Texture Profile Method Terms. Definitions and Surface Texture Parameters, International Standart Organization.
  • Javier, C., Sergio, A., Roberto, Z. and Jorge, D., 2015. Optimization of the Tensile and Flexural Strength of a Wood-PET Composite. Ingeniería, Investigación Tecnología, 16(1), pp.105-112.
  • Karrad, S., Lopez Cuesta, J., & Crespy, A. (1998). Influence of a fine talc on the properties of composites with high density polyethylene and polyethylene/polystyrene blends. Journal of Materials Science 33, 453–461.
  • Li, Z., Shen, S. Y., Peng, J. R., & Yang, C. R. (2003). Mechanochemical Modification of Wollastonite and its Application to Polypropylene. Key Engineering Materials, 249, 409–412.
  • Lopez, F.A., Martin, M.I., Alguacil, F.J., Alguacil, J. M., Rincón, T. A. (2012). Centeno, and M. Romero, Thermolysis of fiber glass polyester composite and reutilization of the glass fiber residue to obtain a glass-ceramic material. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 93: 104–112.
  • Mathew M.T., Padaki N.V., Rocha, L.A., Gomes, J. R., Alagirusamy, R., Deopura, B. L., and Fangueiro, R. (2007). Tribological properties of the directionally oriented warp knit GFRP composites. Wear 263: 930–938.
  • Meng, M.R., & Dou, Q. (2008). Effect of pimelic acid on the crystallization, morphology and mechanical properties of polypropylene/wollastonite composites. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 492(1-2), 177–184.
  • Nielsen, L.E., and Landel, R.F. (1994). Mechanical properties of polymers and composites. New York:Marcel Dekker Textile Research Journal, 64(11), pp.696–696. Orhun, O. (1969). Perlit. MTA Madencilik Dergisi, 8(4), 213-222.
  • Öktem, G. A., & Tincer, T. (1993). A study on the yield stress of perlite-filled high-density polyethylenes. Journal of Materials Science, 28(23), 6313–6317.
  • Pastorini M.T., and Nunes R.C.R. (1999). Mica as a filler for ABS/polycarbonate blends. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 74: 1361–1365.
  • Pinto, U. A., Visconte, L. L. Y., & Reis Nunes, R. C. (2001). Mechanical properties of thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers with mica and aluminum trihydrate. European Polymer Journal, 37(9), 1935–1937.
  • Shakeri, A., and Ghasemian, A. (2010). Water absorption and thickness swelling behavior of polypropylene reinforced with hybrid recycled newspaper and glass fiber, Applied Composites Materials, 17,183-193.
  • Švab, I., Musil, V., Šmit, I., & Makarovič, M. (2007). Mechanical properties of wollastonite-reinforced polypropylene composites modified with SEBS and SEBS-g-MA elastomers. Polymer Engineering & Science, 47(11), 1873–1880.
  • Tekin, N., Kadıncı, E., Demirbaş, Ö., Alkan, M., Kara, A., & Doğan, M. (2006). Surface properties of poly(vinylimidazole)-adsorbed expanded perlite. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 93(1-3), 125–133.
  • Thio, Y. S., Argon, A. S., Cohen, R. E., & Weinberg, M. (2002). Toughening of isotactic polypropylene with CaCO3 particles. Polymer, 43(13), 3661–3674.
  • Uluatam, S. S. (1991). Assessing Perlite as a Sand Substitute in Filtration. Journal - American Water Works Association, 83(6), 70–71.
  • Wolcott, M. P. (2001). Wood–Plastic Composites. Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, 9759–9763.
  • Yılmaz, T., Erçıkdı, B., Cihangir, F. (2017). Yüksek fırın cürufu ve perlit ikamesinin çimentolu macun dolgunun mekanik ve mikro yapı özelliklerine etkisi, Çukurova Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, (32): 2, 239 – 252.

PERLİT KULLANIMI İLE ODUN PLASTİK KOMPOZİTLERİN FİZİKSEL, MEKANİK VE YÜZEY ÖZELLİKLERİNDEKİ DEĞİŞİMLERİN BELİRLENMESİ

Yıl 2021, Cilt 24, Sayı 1, 15 - 23, 03.03.2021
https://doi.org/10.17780/ksujes.795348

Öz

Bu çalışmada odun plastik kompozit üretiminde, perlit kullanımının etkisi araştırılacaktır. Bu amaçla odun unu, polipropilen ve farklı oranlarda perlit karışımı elde edilmiştir. Odun-plastik kompozit (OPK) malzemelerin üretimi doğrudan pres yöntemi kullanılarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Üretilen OPK kompozit malzemelere ait test numunelerinin fiziksel, mekanik ve yüzey özellikleri belirlenmiştir. İlgili standartlara bağlı kalınarak OPK levhaların fiziksel (su alma ve kalınlık şişme), mekanik (eğilme direnci, eğilmede elastikiyet modülü ve şok direnci) ve yüzey pürüzlülüğü testleri yapılmıştır. Sonuç olarak perlit ilave edilerek üretilen OPK malzemenin perlit ilave oranının artmasına bağlı olarak fiziksel, mekanik ve yüzey pürüzlülüğü özelliklerin belirli oranlarda olumsuz etkilendiği belirlenmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Adhikary, K. B., Pang, S., Staiger M. P. (2008). Long-term moisture absorption and thickness swelling behaviour of recycled thermoplastics reinforced with Pinus radiata sawdust, Chemical Engineering Journal, 142 (2), 190-198.
  • Alam, S., Habib, F., Irfan, M., , Iqbal, W., Khalid, K. (2010). Effect of orientation of glass fiber on mechanical properties of GRP composites. Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan, 32: 265–269.
  • Arkaz, H. H. (2016). Superhydrophobic coatings with ımproved mechanical robustness based on polymer brushes, Surface and Coatings Technology,162-168.
  • ASTM D 1037, 1998. Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties if Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Materials. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.
  • ASTM D 256, 2005b. Standard Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastics and Electrical Insulating Materials American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.
  • ASTM D 6109, 2005a. Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Unreinforced and Reinforced Plastic Lumber and Related Products American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.
  • ASTM D 792, 2007. Standard Test Method for Density and Specifi c Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia.
  • Atagür, M., Sarikanat, M., Uysalman, T., Polat, O., Elbeyli, İ. Y., Seki, Y., & Sever, K. (2018). Mechanical, thermal, and viscoelastic investigations on expanded perlite–filled high-density polyethylene composite. Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, 50(8), 747–761.
  • Azeez, A.T. (2017). A Review of Wood Plastic Composites effect on the Environment Journal of Babylon University, Engineering Sciences, 25 (2) pp. 360-367.
  • Baral, D., De, P., & Nando, G. B. (1999). Thermal characterization of mica-filled thermoplastic polyurethane composites. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 65(1), 47–51.
  • Demjén, Z., Pukánszky, B., & Nagy, J. (1998). Evaluation of interfacial interaction in polypropylene/surface treated CaCO3 composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 29(3), 323–329.
  • Erden, S., Sever, K., Seki, Y., and Sarikanat M. (2010). Enhancement of the mechanical properties of glass/polyester composites via matrix modification glass/polyester composite siloxane matrix modification. Fibers and Polymers 11: 732–737.
  • Gan, D., Cao, W., Song, C., & Wang, Z. (2001a). Mechanical properties and morphologies of poly(ether ketone ketone)/glass fibers/mica ternary composites. Materials Letters, 51(2), 120–124.
  • Gan, D., Lu, S., Song, C., & Wang, Z. (2001b). Mechanical properties and frictional behavior of a mica-filled poly(aryl ether ketone) composite. European Polymer Journal, 37(7), 1359–1365.
  • Gan, D., Lu, S., Song, C., & Wang, Z. (2001c). Physical properties of poly(ether ketone ketone)/mica composites: effect of filler content. Materials Letters, 48(5), 299–302.
  • Ghasemi, I., Kord B. (2009). Long-term water absorption behaviour of polypropylene/wood flour/organoclay hybrid nanocomposite, Iranian Polymer Journal, 18 (9), 683-691.
  • Güler, C. (2001). Pamuk Saplarından Yonga Levha Üretimi Olanaklarının Araştırılması. Karaelmas Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktora tezi, 150s, Bartın.
  • Huang, R., Kim, B.-J., Lee, S., Zhang, Y., & Wu, Q. (2013). Co-extruded wood-plastic composites with talc-filled shells: morphology, mechanical, and thermal expansion performance. BioResources, 8(2).
  • ISO 4287, 1997. Geometrical Product Specifications Surface Texture Profile Method Terms. Definitions and Surface Texture Parameters, International Standart Organization.
  • Javier, C., Sergio, A., Roberto, Z. and Jorge, D., 2015. Optimization of the Tensile and Flexural Strength of a Wood-PET Composite. Ingeniería, Investigación Tecnología, 16(1), pp.105-112.
  • Karrad, S., Lopez Cuesta, J., & Crespy, A. (1998). Influence of a fine talc on the properties of composites with high density polyethylene and polyethylene/polystyrene blends. Journal of Materials Science 33, 453–461.
  • Li, Z., Shen, S. Y., Peng, J. R., & Yang, C. R. (2003). Mechanochemical Modification of Wollastonite and its Application to Polypropylene. Key Engineering Materials, 249, 409–412.
  • Lopez, F.A., Martin, M.I., Alguacil, F.J., Alguacil, J. M., Rincón, T. A. (2012). Centeno, and M. Romero, Thermolysis of fiber glass polyester composite and reutilization of the glass fiber residue to obtain a glass-ceramic material. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 93: 104–112.
  • Mathew M.T., Padaki N.V., Rocha, L.A., Gomes, J. R., Alagirusamy, R., Deopura, B. L., and Fangueiro, R. (2007). Tribological properties of the directionally oriented warp knit GFRP composites. Wear 263: 930–938.
  • Meng, M.R., & Dou, Q. (2008). Effect of pimelic acid on the crystallization, morphology and mechanical properties of polypropylene/wollastonite composites. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 492(1-2), 177–184.
  • Nielsen, L.E., and Landel, R.F. (1994). Mechanical properties of polymers and composites. New York:Marcel Dekker Textile Research Journal, 64(11), pp.696–696. Orhun, O. (1969). Perlit. MTA Madencilik Dergisi, 8(4), 213-222.
  • Öktem, G. A., & Tincer, T. (1993). A study on the yield stress of perlite-filled high-density polyethylenes. Journal of Materials Science, 28(23), 6313–6317.
  • Pastorini M.T., and Nunes R.C.R. (1999). Mica as a filler for ABS/polycarbonate blends. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 74: 1361–1365.
  • Pinto, U. A., Visconte, L. L. Y., & Reis Nunes, R. C. (2001). Mechanical properties of thermoplastic polyurethane elastomers with mica and aluminum trihydrate. European Polymer Journal, 37(9), 1935–1937.
  • Shakeri, A., and Ghasemian, A. (2010). Water absorption and thickness swelling behavior of polypropylene reinforced with hybrid recycled newspaper and glass fiber, Applied Composites Materials, 17,183-193.
  • Švab, I., Musil, V., Šmit, I., & Makarovič, M. (2007). Mechanical properties of wollastonite-reinforced polypropylene composites modified with SEBS and SEBS-g-MA elastomers. Polymer Engineering & Science, 47(11), 1873–1880.
  • Tekin, N., Kadıncı, E., Demirbaş, Ö., Alkan, M., Kara, A., & Doğan, M. (2006). Surface properties of poly(vinylimidazole)-adsorbed expanded perlite. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 93(1-3), 125–133.
  • Thio, Y. S., Argon, A. S., Cohen, R. E., & Weinberg, M. (2002). Toughening of isotactic polypropylene with CaCO3 particles. Polymer, 43(13), 3661–3674.
  • Uluatam, S. S. (1991). Assessing Perlite as a Sand Substitute in Filtration. Journal - American Water Works Association, 83(6), 70–71.
  • Wolcott, M. P. (2001). Wood–Plastic Composites. Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, 9759–9763.
  • Yılmaz, T., Erçıkdı, B., Cihangir, F. (2017). Yüksek fırın cürufu ve perlit ikamesinin çimentolu macun dolgunun mekanik ve mikro yapı özelliklerine etkisi, Çukurova Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, (32): 2, 239 – 252.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Malzeme Bilimleri, Tekstil
Bölüm Orman Mühendisliği
Yazarlar

Ferhat ÖZDEMİR (Sorumlu Yazar)
KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ORMAN FAKÜLTESİ, ORMAN ENDÜSTRİSİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-2282-1884
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum KSU-BAP BİRİMİ
Teşekkür ÇALIŞMANIN YÜRÜTÜLMESİ İÇİN DESTEK VEREN KSU BAP BİRİMİNE TEŞEKKÜR EDERİM.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 3 Mart 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 15 Eylül 2020
Kabul Tarihi 28 Aralık 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 24, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Özdemir, F. (2021). PERLİT KULLANIMI İLE ODUN PLASTİK KOMPOZİTLERİN FİZİKSEL, MEKANİK VE YÜZEY ÖZELLİKLERİNDEKİ DEĞİŞİMLERİN BELİRLENMESİ . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 24 (1) , 15-23 . DOI: 10.17780/ksujes.795348