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SORPSİYON İZOTERMLERİNİN KURUTMA VE DEPOLAMA PROSESLERİNDE ÖNEMİ : KAHRAMANMARAŞ TARHANASI ÖRNEĞİ

Yıl 2022, Cilt 25, Sayı 1, 41 - 51, 03.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.17780/ksujes.1036147

Öz

Ülkemizin elverişli iklim koşulları birçok gıdanın kurutularak muhafazasına olanak sağlamaktadır. Kurutulmuş gıdalar uzun süre bozulmadan korunabilmektedir. Depolama süresince küf ve bakteri oluşumunun ve muhtemel kalite kayıplarının önlenmesi ürünlerin nem oranının kritik değerin altına düşürülmesiyle mümkündür. Kahramanmaraş tarhanası yöreye özgü olup yüzyıllardır çorbalık ve atıştırmalık olarak tüketilen fermente kurutulmuş bir gıdadır. Geleneksel üretiminde güneşte kurutma kullanılmakta olup son yıllarda endüstriyel üretimi de giderek artan ilgi görmektedir. Yaz aylarında kurutulan tarhana kışın tüketilmek üzere depolanmaktadır. Depolamadaki olumsuzluklar tarhanada istenmeyen fiziksel, kimyasal, mikrobiyel ve duyusal kalite kayıplarına yol açmaktadır. Kurutulmuş tarhananın kalite parametrelerinin belirlenmesinde sorpsiyon izotermlerinden faydalanılmaktadır. Sorpsiyon izotermleri sabit sıcaklıkta tutulan gıdanın nem içeriği ile depo ortamının bağıl nemi arasındaki ilişkiyi açıklamaktadır. Sorpsiyon izotermleri su ve gıda bileşenleri arasındaki etkileşimin ve optimum depolama koşullarının tahmin edilmesinde önemli bir termodinamik yardımcıdır. Bu açıdan çalışmanın amacı sorpsiyon izotermlerinin gıdalar ve Kahramanmaraş tarhanası üzerindeki önemi ve sorpsiyon izotermlerinin oluşturulmasında esas alınan matematiksel modeller hakkında literatürdeki son çalışmalar ışığında bilgiler verilmesidir.

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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Beyza Nur KOCABAŞ
KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0002-0743-6398
Türkiye


İnci DOĞAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Mimarlık Fak, Gıda Müh Böl
0000-0002-7715-7423
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 3 Mart 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 15 Aralık 2021
Kabul Tarihi 6 Şubat 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 25, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Kocabaş, B. N. & Doğan, İ. (2022). SORPSİYON İZOTERMLERİNİN KURUTMA VE DEPOLAMA PROSESLERİNDE ÖNEMİ : KAHRAMANMARAŞ TARHANASI ÖRNEĞİ . Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 25 (1) , 41-51 . DOI: 10.17780/ksujes.1036147